Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurological difference in which traits of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity change the way in which people perceive and interpret the world.
ADHD affects 5.9 % of youth and 2.8 % of adults worldwide, as of recent estimates. It’s estimated to occur more frequently in those assigned male at birth than those assigned female at birth.
There are multiple genetic and environmental causes in various combinations. These factors lead to subtle changes in multiple brain networks and in the cognitive, motivational, and emotional processes they control.
ADHD is not a new diagnosis or fad – ADHD was first described in 1775 by German physician Melchior Adam Weikard with hallmarks of the differences included.
ADHD Presentation Challenges
ADHD is classed into three different presentations – the challenges of ADHD are listed below. These occur in most people, however for the person without ADHD treated or managed they interfere and impede day-to-day living due to their high frequency.
Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive presentation
- fidgeting, squirming, or feeling restless
- having difficulty sitting still
- a tendency to talk a lot
- will touch or play with objects when it may not seem appropriate to do so
- find it difficult to remain quiet
- feel as though they are constantly “on the go”
- be impatient
- act out of turn or not consider consequences of actions
- interrupt others or make inappropriate comments
Predominantly Inattentive presentation
- miss important details
- often distracted easily
- trouble staying focused on a single task
- have disordered thoughts
- have difficulties learning new information
- lose items, including those needed to complete a task
- appear as though they do not listen
- daydream a lot
- have trouble following directions
The combined type experiences trait differences that fall broadly across the two other presentations. People with this presentation are not easily able to be categorized as the other two presentations.
ADHD people can thrive in the right environment and with their ADHD treated and managed properly – some common strengths are listed below:
- can hyper-focus on favoured activities
- thinks outside the square
- strong problem solving abilities
- high energy
- good sense of humour
- super sensitive and empathetic
- strong sense of justice
- ability to take chances & risks